Monday, November 19, 2012

Citigroup- Commodities Super-Cycle is Now Over

As reported by Bloomberg....

The “super cycle” of commodity prices gains has ended as China’s economy shifts to slower growth and supplies increase, according to Citigroup Inc. (C)
Prices won’t move “sharply” higher even as stimulus measures from global central banks lift growth and demand rebounds by the end of 2013, analysts led by New York-based Edward L. Morse, the bank’s global head of commodities research, said today in an e-mailed report. Returns will be more “differentiated” among raw materials depending on supply- demand balances, Citigroup said.

China is the world’s biggest consumer of cotton. Photographer: Asad Zaidi/Bloomberg
“It is now clear that the commodity super cycle is over,” Morse said. “No longer will a pure long-only strategy bring the returns expected in 2002 to 2008. Nor will conditions approximating those of the last decade return any time soon.”
Further still.....

Basically, it's all got to do with China. First, the economy is slowing down, and second as China rebalances its economy it is becoming less dependent on commodities.

"Going forward, Citi forecasts that China’s overall real GDP growth might steadily fall from +9.2% in 2011 to +5.5% by 2020. Furthermore, overall investment growth, which averaged +13.6% from 2001 to 2009, would decline to only an average of +6.2% from 2013 to 2020, a slowing by a factor of roughly a half.

...Both the overall slowing and the restructuring of the Chinese growth model should mark a watershed in global commodity markets, if only because China had played such an outsized role in global commodity markets in the past decade. For many industrial metals, China in fact was responsible for all of net global demand growth after 1995, and also is one of the largest global consumers of energy, grain, and soft commodities."

These two charts tell the story. The first one shows how China's growth will switch from commodity-intensive government investment to household spending. The second shows how this shift affects the total demand of various commodities.
commodities china

commodities china

Although Citi's thesis is likely correct in that slowing growth in China will result in reduced demand for a host of commodities, the thesis also apparently ignores other salient aspects of future commodity supply/demand dynamics. First, continued money creation by the world's central banks will maintain pressure on currencies, both of which should drive investors into hard assets. More fundamentally, the thesis makes no mention of the expected growth in other emerging markets. Another factor that is not mentioned is the Western World's need to to rebuild its infrastructure. According to sources including the American Society of Civil Engineers' report card, the infrastructure of the U.S. (and other Western Nations for that matter) are in disrepair and a vast amount of resources are needed to raise the overall quality of the infrastructure network. This will likely raise the demand for commodities.

1 comment:

  1. خدماتنا متميزة عن غيرنا في مجال التسريبات سربات المياه والعوزال وحل بطرق سليمة دون التدمير فعندنا في شركة ركن البيت افضل يوجد افضل الفنين الممتزين في مجال التسربات والكشف عنها بدون اي مشاكل من خلال الطاقم التي تم تدريبه في شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالدمام فتعاملك معنا ستحصل علي خدمات متميزة

    شركة كشف تسربات المياه بجدة
    شركة كشف تسربات بجدة
    شركة عزل خزانات بالرياض
    شركة عزل اسطح بالرياض

    شركة كشف تسربات بالدمام
    شركة كشف تسربات بالرياض
    شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض
    كشف تسربات المياه